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Napjainkban a Pycnogenol az egyik legkutatottabb természetes anyag: több mint 190 tudományos közlemény vizsgálta az utóbbi 35 évben, több mint 170 hivatkozással rendelkezik a Medline orvostudományi adatbázisban.

Referenciák

A Pycnogenol az egyik legismertebb természetes anyag : több mint 500 különböző Pycnogenol-alapú étrendkiegészítő/ kozmetikum/ funkcionális élelmiszer/ ital kapható világszerte

Pycnogenol alapú termékek

Összefoglaló cikkek

  • Matsumori, A. (2007), Treatment Options in Myocarditis. Herz, 32(6): 452-456.
  • Beneficial effects of Pycnogenol® in wrinkles - A review. Rona, C., Vailati, F. and Berardesca, E. (2004) The cosmetic treatment of wrinkles. J Cosmet Dermatol, 3(1): 26-34.
  • Clinical Pharmacology of Pycnogenol® - A review. Rohdewald, P. (2006) Clinical Pharmacology of Pycnogenol.Pharma Bio World, Nov. 2006: 79-81.
  • Pycnogenol’s beneficial effects in a series of painful conditions as stiff shoulder, endometriosis, herniated disc, pregnancy associated pain. Kohama, T. (2004), Nutritional supplements in clinical practice. Progr Med, 24: 1503-1510.
  • USP Monograph. Maritime Pine Bark Extract – USP 30. 965-966, The United States Pharmacopeia, United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. official from May 1, 2007.
  • USP Monograph. Maritime Pine – USP 30. 964-965, The United States Pharmacopeia, United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. official from May 1, 2007.
  • Monograph on Safety and efficacy aspects of Pycnogenol. Blumenthal, M. (2003), Pycnogenol® (French Maritime Pine Bark Extract) Pinus Pinaster Aiton subsp. atlantica. The American Botanical Council guide to Herbs, 369-373.
  • Pycnogenol® as a nutraceutical in cardiovascular health and diabetes (Review). Gulati, O.P. (2005), The Nutraceutical Pycnogenol®: Its role in cardiovascular health and blood glucose control. Biomed Rev, 16: 49-57.
  • Review article – Update of Pycnogenol® until 2005. Rohdewald, P. (2005), Pycnogenol®, French Maritime Pine Bark Extract. Monograph in Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements; Ed. Marcel Dekker, digital pulisher, 2005, 545-553.
  • Review of the positive effects of Pycnogenol® for cardiovascular health, based on the published clinical studies in the cardiovascular area. Watson, R.R. (2003), Pycnogenol® and cardiovascular health. Evid Based Integrative Med, 1(1): 27-32.
  • Review article: Summary of the positive effects of Pycnogenol® for skin care. Schönlau, F. (2002) The cosmeceutical Pycnogenol. J Appl Cosmetol, 20: 241-246.
  • Review article: Summary of 5 clinical studies describing the effects of Pycnogenol® supplementation in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Schönlau, F. and Rohdewald, P. (2002)Pycnogenol® for diabetic retinopathy: A review. Int Ophthalmol, 24: 161-171.
  • Review article summarizing published data on Pycnogenol® until 2001. Rohdewald, P. (2002) A review of the French maritime pine bark extract (Pycnogenol®), a herbal medication with a diverse clinical pharmacology. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther, 40(4): 158-168.
  • Pharmacological and clinical actions of Pycnogenol® (Review). Rohdewald, P. (2000) Pygenol, pharmakologische und klinische Wirkungen eines Extraktes aus der Rinde von Pinus pinaster. Schweiz. Zschr. GanzheitsMedizin, 12: 188-193; 237-241. Review article: Describes efficacy and safety profile of Pycnogenol® in venous disordersin humans. Mechanisms of reducing oedema are also discussed. Gulati, O. P. (1999)Pycnogenol® in venous disorders: A review. Eur Bull Drug Res, 7(2): 8-13.
  • Review article: Describes the cardiovascular pharmacologic profile of Pycnogenol®, mainly highlighting its inhibitory effects on the smoking-induced platelet aggregation in humans. Watson, R. (1999) Reduction of cardiovascular disease risk factors by French Maritime Pine Bark Extract. Cardiovasc Rev Rep, XX(VI): 326-329.
  • Review article: Describes in addition to the antioxidant activity of Pycnogenol®, its effects on the immune system and modulation of nitrogen monoxide metabolism, the development of Pycnogenol®. Virgili F., Kobuchi, H., Noda, Y., Cossins, E. and Packer, L. (1999) Procyanidins from Pinus maritima bark: Antioxidant activity, effects on the immune system and Modulation of Nitrogen Monoxide Metabolism. In “Antioxidant Food Supplements in human health”, ed. L. Packer, M. Hiramatsu and T. Yoshikawa, published by Academic Press, 1999. Chapter 21, pages 323-342.
  • Review article: Discusses in details the biological activities of Pycnogenol®, mainly focusing on its antioxidant and cardiovascular pharmacological profile in light of up to date available data on Pycnogenol®. Packer, L., Rimbach, G. and Virgili, F. (1999) Antioxidant activity and biologic properties of a procyanidin-rich extract from pine(Pinus maritima) bark, Pycnogenol®. J Free Radic Biol Med, 27(5/6): 704-724.
  • Review article: Discusses the history of ancient pine bark uses to the present day development of Pycnogenol®.Drehsen, G. (1999)From ancient pine bark uses to Pycnogenol® In “Antioxidant Food Supplements in human health”, ed. L. Packer, M. Hiramatsu and T. Yoshikawa, published by Academic Press, 1999, Chapter 20, pages 311-322.

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